Notice: HR guide
This guide is on the topic of notice. In the guide I explain what notice employers and employees are required to give to end the employment.
The notice which the employer and employee are required to terminate the employment will usually be governed by the wording of the employment contract.
The notice may be the same length on either side but not necessarily.
Notice on either side for a junior employee could, for example, be four weeks or a month. For a more senior employee notice on either side could be twelve weeks or three months and for a board member notice, for instance, could be six months on either side.
Notice will depend though on what the parties have agreed.
The employment contract will usually permit the employer in certain situations, such as when the employee commits gross misconduct or gross negligence, to terminate the employment contract with immediate effect.
Also if the employer has fundamentally breached the employment contract the employee may resign swiftly as a result of the breach.
If the employment contract is silent on what notice has to be given to terminate the contract reasonable notice has to be provided.
The Courts would consider what the parties’ intentions were when the parties entered into the contract to determine what reasonable notice is in the particular case. Factors that might be relevant could include the employee’s salary, the employee’s length of service, the employee’s seniority and what is normal in the industry.
After an employee has been employed by the employer for one month or more the employee is entitled to statutory minimum notice unless the employee is guilty of misconduct entitling the employer to terminate immediately.
If the contract provides for a longer notice period than the statutory minimum notice then the contractual notice will apply.
The statutory minimum notice that employers must provide is one month’s notice for employees who have been employed for one month but less than two years, one week’s notice for each year of continuous employment for employees who have been employed for more than two years but less than twelve years and twelve weeks’ notice for employees who have been employed for more than twelve years.
Employees are obliged to give their employer statutory minimum notice of one week if they have been employed for one month or more.
There is nothing, however, to stop the parties agreeing to waive or shorten statutory or contractual notice.
Fixed-term employment contracts
Employment contracts for fixed-terms automatically terminate at the end of the fixed-term and there is no need for the parties to give notice.
Sometimes though fixed-term contracts allow the parties to give notice to end the contract earlier.
Before terminating an employee’s employment employers must be aware of potential claims that employees could bring.
If contractual notice has not been adequately served (or payment in lieu of notice made) an employee could have a claim for wrongful dismissal. This would normally be the net remuneration for the period of notice that has not been accounted for.
An employee who is dismissed could have a claim for unfair dismissal. Generally employees need to have at least two years’ continuous service to bring an unfair dismissal but there are some exceptions, where no minimum length of service is required. Employers are able to dismiss for permitted fair reasons and must follow a fair procedure, too.
An employee could have other claims such as for discrimination.
It is also important to be aware that the non-renewal of a fixed-term contract is a dismissal for the purposes of unfair dismissal and redundancy pay claims.
This guide is intended for guidance only and should not be relied upon for specific advice.
Do check mattgingell.com regularly for updated information.